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Normal goods handling - Pallet [GUIDE]

Normal goods handling of pallet goods

Pallet goods in a way have a kinder handling than packages. It is more manual handling, in almost all movements there is a person on site who can adapt the handling to what that particular stool needs. But it is also a tough handling with machines, angles, fast movements and large weights.

Normal handling is that a driver comes with a pallet truck / pallet truck that is inserted into the open spaces under the pallet, pumped up by hand and then he pulls the pallet to the car.
If there is a loading dock, they lower the tail lift towards the quay and pull the pallet over the edge, often a little up or down depending on the height of the quay in relation to the car.
If it is ground loading, they pull up the pallet on a slightly opposite slope and then tip up the lift to raise it against the bed of the truck.

If you are going to send high goods, you need to make sure that the goods have a large support surface underneath which balances the goods. This is especially important as it is the manual handling of pallet goods. If the goods overturn, there is a risk that it overturns people and then poses a danger to life and health.

Example of unstable vs stable pallet
On the car, the goods must be load secured and it is your responsibility as the sender to have packed the goods in such a way that it is possible to secure the load.
In order for the goods to be counted as load-secured, the goods as a whole or any parts of it must not slide, tip, roll or walk during transport.

Terminal & sorting
When the car is ready for the day and arrives at the terminal, they back up and unload all the pallets by hand. Inside the terminal, these pallets are then sorted with electric trucks. First they are sorted out on ropes which are then unloaded to each car that is to proceed. Or locally if the goods are only going to an area other than where they were picked up.

When you load on a remote truck, you often stack pallets on top of each other. In order for a pallet to be considered stackable, it must be completely even on top and withstand the fact that another pallet weighing 400 kg is placed on it. All goods are then secured on the truck and the truck drives to the next terminal. While the car is driving, the goods will rub and press against each other while being exposed to vibrations and sensations from the vehicle's movements.

In general, the more times the goods are reloaded during distribution, the greater the risk that the goods will be damaged by shocks and falls.

Upon arrival at the terminal, unloading with electric trucks and sorting out to the various local distribution lines is done. From there, the goods are picked up by the driver with a pallet truck / pallet truck and loaded on the car in the order in which the driver will drive the goods out. And when unloading at the recipient, it is the same as when loading, there are some slopes and edges that the goods will be exposed to.

In order to cope with normal goods handling of pallets, it is important that

The goods are packed so that they are stable on the pallet
The goods do not protrude anywhere outside the dimensions of the pallet
The goods are secured on the pallet so that they cannot slip, tip, roll or walk during transport
The goods must be prepared for load securing so that it can be done without risk of damage to the goods
The goods must have as low and even a center of gravity as possible so that it can be handled without the risk of it tipping over
The pallet on which the goods are packed must be in good condition, it must not break due to the handling or weight of the goods

Read more about what is normal handling of packages

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Updated on: 17/09/2021

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